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The BBC contacted regional juries by telephone to choose the winners, and the European Broadcasting Union producers of the contest later began contacting international juries by telephone.
This method continued to be used until The following year saw the first satellite linkup to juries. To announce the votes, the contest's presenters connect by satellite to each country in turn and inviting a spokesperson to read the country's votes in French or English. The presenters originally repeated the votes in both languages, but since the votes have been translated due to time constraints.
To offset increased voting time required by a larger number of participating countries, since only countries' eight-, , and point scores are read aloud; one- to seven-point votes are added automatically to the scoreboard while each country's spokesperson is introduced. The scoreboard displays the number of points each country has received and, since , a progress bar indicating the number of countries which have voted.
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Since , only the point score is read aloud due to the new voting system, meaning that the nine scoring countries were added automatically to the scoreboard and 10 points. In addition, the televoting points are combined together and the presenters announce them in order, starting from the country with the lowest score and ending with the country with the highest score from the televoting. For the contest the system is the same as before but this time, the presenters will announce the televoting points based on the juries' rankings.
The most-used voting system other than the current one was last used for the contest. This system was used from to and from to Ten jurors in each country each cast one vote for their favourite song. In this resulted in a four-way tie for first place between the UK, the Netherlands, France, and Spain , with no tie-breaking procedure. A second round of voting in the event of a tie was introduced to this system the following year.
From to , a voting system similar to the current one was used. In , each country awarded its top three one, two and three points; in the top five were awarded one, two, three, four and five points, and from to , each country usually awarded its top three one, three and five points. With the latter system, a country could choose to give points to two countries instead of three giving three to one and six to the other ; in , Belgium awarded the United Kingdom six points and Italy three. Although it was possible to give one country nine points, this never occurred.
The , , and contests saw the jurors "in vision" for the first time. Each country was represented by two jurors: one older than 25 and one younger, with at least ten years' difference in their ages. Each juror gave a minimum of one point and a maximum of five points to each song. In the previous system of ten jurors was used, and the following year the current system was introduced. Spokespeople were next seen on screen in with a satellite link to the venue. The contest had its first semifinal, with a slight change in voting: countries which did not qualify from the semifinal would be allowed to cast votes in the final.
This resulted in Ukraine's Ruslana finishing first, with a record points. To date, non-qualifying countries are still allowed to vote in the final. In , Serbia and Montenegro were able to vote in the semifinal and the final despite their non-participation due to a scandal in the selection process which resulted in Macedonia entering the final instead of Poland.
With the introduction of two semifinals in , a new method of selecting finalists was created. The top nine songs ranked by televote qualified, along with one song selected by the back-up juries. This method, in most cases, meant that the tenth song in the televoting failed to qualify; this attracted some criticism, especially from Macedonia who had placed 10th in the televote in both years.
In , Bulgaria's "Beautiful Mess" became the first non-winning entry to score above points, as well as Portugal becoming the first country to get over points - winning the contest as a result of this with the song "Amar pelos dois" by Salvador Sobral. As the number of voting countries and the voting systems have varied, it may be more relevant to compare what percentage of all points awarded in the competition that each song received computed from the published scoreboards  . The table below show winning songs by the percentage of all votes.
This table shows top 5 winning songs by the percentage from the maximum possible score a song can achieve. This table shows top 10 participating songs both winning and non-winning by the number of votes cast. Under the —15 voting system Portugal would have received A tie-break procedure was implemented after the contest , in which France , the Netherlands , Spain and the United Kingdom tied for first place. With no tie-breaking system in place at the time, it was determined that all four countries would be awarded the title; in protest, Austria, Finland, Sweden, Norway and Portugal did not participate the following year.
The current tie-break procedure was implemented in the contest. In the procedure, sometimes known as a countback , if two or more countries tie, the song receiving more points from the televote is the winner. If the songs received the same number of televote points, the song that received at least one televote point from the greatest number of countries is the winner. If there is still a tie, a second tie-breaker counts the number of countries who assigned twelve televote points to each entry in the tie.
Tie-breaks continue with ten points, eight points, and so on until the tie is resolved. If the tie cannot be resolved after the number of countries which assigned one point to the song is equal, the song performed earlier in the running order is declared the winner, unless the host country performed earlier in which case the song performed later would be the winner. The tie-break procedure originally applied only to first place ties,  but since has been applied to all places. In , the tie-break procedure was implemented when Sweden and France both had points at the end of the voting.
At the time, there was no televoting system, and the tie-break rule was slightly different; the first tie-break rule at the time concerned the number of 12 points each country had received. As each participating country casts a series of preference votes, under the current scoring system it is rare that a song fails to receive any votes at all; such a result means that the song failed to make the top ten most popular songs in any country. The first zero points in Eurovision were scored in , under a new voting system.
When a country finishes with a score of zero, it is often referred to in English-language media as nul points or nil points , albeit incorrectly. Following the change in the voting system, a country receiving no points from the public voting is announced as receiving "zero points".
Entries which received no points before the introduction of the scoring system introduced in are: [ citation needed ]. Entries which received no points since the introduction of this system in up until the scoring reformation in are: [ citation needed ].
The first time a host nation ever finished with nul points was in the final, when Austria's "I Am Yours" by The Makemakes scored zero. In , following the UK's first zero score,  an online poll was held to determine public opinion about each zero-point entry's worthiness of the score. In , although it scored in the combined voting, France 's " Echo You and I " by Anggun would have received no points if televoting alone had been used.
In that year's first semi-final, although Belgium 's " Would You? Since the creation of a qualifying round semifinal in  and an expansion to two semifinals in ,  more than thirty countries vote each night — even countries which have been eliminated or have already qualified.
No points are rarer; it would require a song to place less than tenth in every country in jury voting and televote. With the new televoting system being introduced in the contest, scoring no points in either the jury voting or televoting phase is possible. An overall "nul points" is possible, but much less likely, and has not yet happened. In , the Czech Republic's entry " I Stand " received no points from the televote. They did get 41 points from juries. They did get five points from the televote.
Also in , Austria's entry " Running on Air " received no points from the televote but they did get 93 points from juries. In , Germany's entry " Sisters " obtained no points from the televote with 24 from the juries. Had the old system remained in use, the United Kingdom's entry " Bigger Than Us " would have received "nul points" in the final.
No entry in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest has ever received nul points ; between and , each contestant began with 12 points to prevent such a result. On 15 October , it was announced by the EBU, that for the first time in the contest's history a new " Kids Jury " was being introduced into the voting system. The jury consists of members aged between 10 and 15, and representing each of the participating countries.
A spokesperson from the jury would then announce the points , 10 and the maximum 12 as decided upon by the jury members. Although statistical analysis of the results from to suggests regional bloc voting;  it is debatable how much in each case is due to ethnic diaspora voting, a sense of ethnic kinship, political alliances or a tendency for culturally-close countries to have similar musical tastes.
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It is still common for countries to award points to their neighbours regularly, even if they are not part of a voting bloc for example, Finland and Estonia , Germany and Denmark , the Baltic states and Russia or Albania and Greece. Votes may also be based on a diaspora. In a recent study,  , a new methodology is presented which allows a complete analysis of the competition from until The voting patterns change and the previous studies restrained their analysis to a particular time window where the voting scheme is homogeneous and this approach allows the sampling comparison over arbitrary periods consistent with the unbiased assumption of voting patterns.
Sunday afternoon at BC Place, the Vancouver Whitecaps were very much an afterthought in the decision day madness that was ensuing in the MLS standings. The question is, how exactly do they get there? What is the plan? Is there a plan?
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What should the plan be? In his final post-match press conference of the season, head coach Marc Dos Santos spoke about the need to be better, and the importance of the offseason:. And huge because of the fans. The only thing in my head right now, from the bottom of my heart, is the people that are coming to the stadium every day and support this team.
We have to give back.
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What I want us to focus on as a club is on making the team better. Whatever it takes to make the team better. This is encouraging on a surface level, and if the club is able to actually follow through with a plan like this, it would be relatively easy to imagine the Whitecaps as a fringe playoff team next season.
In explaining his point, Dos Santos pointed to both San Jose and Houston as teams with multiple dynamic playmakers that still managed to find themsleves below the playoff bar.